Global climate change is creating a growing number of serious dangers to ecosystems, human health, and the economy. These changes are occurring as a result of the release of massive volumes of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere as a result of several human activities globally, most notably the burning of fossil fuels for energy generation, heating, and transportation. Additionally, the combustion of fossil fuels produces air pollutants that are detrimental to the environment and human health.
Our energy consumption and production have a significant impact on the climate, and the converse is becoming increasingly true. Climate change has the ability to affect our energy producing capacity and requirements. For example, variations in the water cycle have an effect on hydropower, and warmer temperatures raise summer energy demand for cooling while decrease winter energy demand for heating.